Tuesday, July 31, 2012

1207.6958 (Muneto Nitta)

Josephson vortices and the Atiyah-Manton construction    [PDF]

Muneto Nitta
We show that sine-Gordon solitons appear in the low-energy effective theory of a domain wall in a U(1) gauge theory with two charged complex scalar fields with masses, if we introduce the Josephson interaction term between the scalar fields. We identify these sine-Gordon solitons as vortices or CP(1) sigma model instantons in the bulk, which are absorbed into the domain wall world-volume. These vortices can be called as Josephson vortices since they appear in Josephson junctions of two superconductors. This set up gives a physical realization of a lower dimensional analogue of Atiyah-Manton construction of Skyrmions from instanton holonomy.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1207.6958

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