Tuesday, October 9, 2012

1210.2327 (Maxime Leroux et al.)

Anharmonic suppression of Charge density wave in 2H-NbS$_2$    [PDF]

Maxime Leroux, Mathieu Le Tacon, Matteo Calandra, Laurent Cario, Marie-Aude Méasson, Pascale Diener, Elena Borrissenko, Alexei Bosak, Pierre Rodière
The temperature dependence of the phonon spectrum in the superconducting transition metal dichalcogenide 2H-NbS$_2$ is measured by diffuse and inelastic x-ray scattering. A deep, wide and strongly temperature dependent softening, of the two lowest energy longitudinal phonons bands, appears along the $\mathrm{\Gamma M}$ symmetry line in reciprocal space. In sharp contrast to the iso-electronic compounds 2H-NbSe$_2$, the soft phonons energies are finite, even at very low temperature, and no charge density wave instability occurs, in disagreement with harmonic ab-initio calculations. We show that 2H-NbS$_2$ is at the verge of the charge density wave transition and its occurrence is only suppressed by the large anharmonic effects. Moreover, the anharmonicity and the electron phonon coupling both show a strong in-plane anisotropy.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1210.2327

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