Tuesday, November 13, 2012

1211.2602 (H. Ness et al.)

Dynamical equations for time-ordered Green's functions: from the Keldysh
time-loop contour to equilibrium at finite and zero temperature

H. Ness, L. K. Dash
We study the dynamical equation of the time-ordered Green's function at finite temperature. We show that the time-ordered Green's function obeys a conventional Dyson equation only at equilibrium and in the limit of zero-temperature. In all other cases, i.e. finite-temperature at equilibrium or non-equilibrium, the time-ordered Green's function obeys instead a modified Dyson equation. The derivation of this result is obtained from the general formalism of the non-equilibrium Green's functions on the Keldysh time-loop contour. At equilibrium, our result is fully consistent with the Matsubara temperature Green's function formalism and also justifies rigorously the correction terms introduced in an ad hoc way with Hedin and Lundqvist. Our results show that one should use the appropriate dynamical equation for the time-ordered Green's function when working beyond the equilibrium zero-temperature limit.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1211.2602

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