Tuesday, December 18, 2012

1212.3796 (Zohar Ringel et al.)

The Z2-anomaly and boundaries of topological insulators    [PDF]

Zohar Ringel, Ady Stern
We study the edge and surface theories of topological insulators from the perspective of anomalies and identify a novel Z2-anomaly associated with charge conservation. The anomaly is manifested through a 2-point correlation function involving creation and annihilation operators on two decoupled boundaries. Although charge conservation on each boundary requires this quantity to vanish, we find that it diverges. A corollary result is that under an insertion of a flux quantum the ground state evolves to an exactly orthogonal state independent of the rate at which the flux is inserted. The anomaly persists in the presence of disorder and imposes sharp restrictions on possible low energy theories. Being formulated in a many-body, field theoretical language, the anomaly allows to test the robustness of topological insulators to interactions in a concise way.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1212.3796

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