Thursday, February 28, 2013

1302.6661 (Pierre-François Loos et al.)

Uniform electron gases. II. Electrons on a ring    [PDF]

Pierre-François Loos, Peter M. W. Gill
We introduce a new paradigm for one-dimensional uniform electron gases (UEGs). In this model, $n$ electrons are confined to a ring and interact via a bare Coulomb operator. We use Rayleigh-Schr\"odinger perturbation theory to show that, in the high-density regime, the ground-state reduced ({\it i.e.} per electron) energy can be expanded as $\eps(r_s,n) = \eps_0(n) r_s^{-2} + \eps_1(n) r_s^{-1} + \eps_2(n) +\eps_3(n) r_s + \ldots$, where $r_s$ is the Seitz radius. We use strong-coupling perturbation theory and show that, in the low-density regime, the reduced energy can be expanded as $\eps(r_s,n) = \eta_0(n) r_s^{-1} + \eta_1(n) r_s^{-3/2} + \eta_2(n) r_s^{-2} + \ldots$. We report explicit expressions for $\eps_0(n)$, $\eps_1(n)$, $\eps_2(n)$, $\eps_3(n)$, $\eta_0(n)$ and $\eta_1(n)$ and derive the thermodynamic (large-$n$) limits of each of these. Finally, we perform numerical studies of UEGs with $n = 2, 3, \ldots, 10$, using Hylleraas-type and quantum Monte Carlo methods, and combine these with the perturbative results to obtain a picture of the behavior of the new model over the full range of $n$ and $r_s$ values.
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