Tuesday, May 7, 2013

1305.0878 (Kilian P. Heeg et al.)

Vacuum-assisted generation and control of atomic coherences at x-ray

Kilian P. Heeg, Hans-Christian Wille, Kai Schlage, Tatyana Guryeva, Daniel Schumacher, Ingo Uschmann, Kai S. Schulze, Berit Marx, Tino Kämpfer, Gerhard G. Paulus, Ralf Röhlsberger, Jörg Evers
The control of light-matter interaction at the quantum level usually requires coherent laser fields. But already an exchange of virtual photons with the electromagnetic vacuum field alone can lead to quantum coherences, which subsequently suppress spontaneous emission. We demonstrate such spontaneously generated coherences (SGC) in a large ensemble of nuclei operating in the x-ray regime, resonantly coupled to a common cavity environment. The observed SGC originates from two fundamentally different mechanisms related to cooperative emission and magnetically controlled anisotropy of the cavity vacuum. This approach opens new perspectives for quantum control, quantum state engineering and simulation of quantum many-body physics in an essentially decoherence-free setting.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1305.0878

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