Monday, May 27, 2013

1305.5732 (V. D. Lakhno et al.)

Formation of stationary electronic states in finite homogeneous
molecular chains

V. D. Lakhno, A. N. Korshunova
Evolution of an arbitrary initial distribution of a quantummechanical particle in a uniform molecular chain is simulated by a system of coupled quantumclassical dynamical equations with dissipation. Stability of a uniform distribution of the particle over the chain is studied. An asymptotical expression is obtained for the time in which a localized state is formed. The validity of the expression is checked by direct computational experiments. It is shown that the time of soliton and multisoliton type states formation depends strongly on the initial phase of the particle's wave function. It is shown that in multisoliton states objects with a fractional electron charge which can be observed experimentally are realized. The results obtained are applied to synthetic uniform polynucleotide molecular chains.
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