Monday, October 15, 2012

1210.3611 (Wen-Te Liao et al.)

Coherence enhanced optical determination of the $^{229}$Th isomeric

Wen-Te Liao, Sumanta Das, Christoph H. Keitel, A. Pálffy
The impact of coherent light propagation on the excitation and fluorescence of thorium nuclei in a crystal lattice environment is investigated theoretically. We find that in the forward direction the fluorescence signal exhibits characteristic intensity modulations dominated by an orders of magnitude faster, sped-up initial decay signal. This feature can be exploited for the optical determination of the isomeric transition energy. In order to obtain a unmistakable signature of the isomeric nuclear fluorescence, we put forward a novel scheme for the direct measurement of the transition energy via electromagnetically modified nuclear forward scattering in a three-level $\Lambda$ configuration.
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