Monday, November 5, 2012

1211.0521 (Ronny Knut et al.)

Photoinduced reduction of surface states in Fe:ZnO    [PDF]

Ronny Knut, Ulrika Kvist, Pål Palmgren, Prabir Pal, Peter Svedlindh, Annika Pohl, Olof Karis
Transition metal doping is known to increase the photosensitivity to visible light for photocatalytically active ZnO. We report on the electronic structure of nano-crystalline Fe:ZnO, which has recently been shown to be an efficient photocatalyst. The photo-activity of ZnO reduces Fe from 3+ to 2+ in the surface region of the nano-crystalline material. Electronic states corresponding to low-spin Fe 2+ are observed and attributed to crystal field modification at the surface. These states can be important for the photocatalytic sensitivity to visible light due to their deep location in the ZnO bandgap. X-ray absorption and x-ray photoemission spectroscopy suggest that Fe is only homogeneously distributed for concentrations up to 3%. Increased concentrations does not result in a higher concentration of Fe ions in the surface region. This is a crucial factor limiting the photocatalytic functionality of ZnO, where the most efficient doping concentration have been shown to be 2-4% for Fe doping. Using resonant photoemission spectroscopy we determine the location of Fe 3d states with sensitivity to the charge states of the Fe ion even for multi-valent and multi-coordinated Fe.
View original:

No comments:

Post a Comment