Monday, June 17, 2013

1306.3419 (P. M. Walmsley et al.)

Dynamics of quantum turbulence of different spectra    [PDF]

P. M. Walmsley, D. E. Zmeev, F. Pakpour, A. I. Golov
Turbulence in a superfluid in the zero temperature limit consists of a dynamic tangle of quantized vortex filaments. Different types of turbulence are possible depending on the level of correlations in the orientation of vortex lines. We provide an overview of turbulence in superfluid 4He with a particular focus on recent experiments probing the decay of turbulence in the zero temperature regime below 0.5 K. We describe extensive measurements of the vortex line density during the free decay of different types of turbulence: ultraquantum and quasiclassical turbulence in both stationary and rotating containers. The observed decays and the effective dissipation as a function of temperature are compared with theoretical models and numerical simulations.
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